Do I sit? Or should I stand? Shall I wave? Or could I shout? And am I supposed to leave a tip?! It took months of living in Spain before I figured out the answers to these seemingly straightforward questions on Spanish restaurant etiquette.
In Spain there are often no hostesses to guide you to the correct table, no astutely attentive waiters to tend to your every need and no universal rule on tipping. This is the Wild Wild West of restaurants and only the strong survive, errr I mean get that perfect plate of cured ham and cheese.
Once you've figured out when to eat and what to order, there's only one piece missing: how to go about getting it!
Here are the questions you never thought you needed to ask before going out to eat in Spain.
Do I wait to be seated or choose my own table?
To err on the safe side, I almost always try to catch a waiter's attention and ask for a table. This is usually as simple as just motioning to a table and holding up two fingers, for example, if I want a table for two.
There are, however, a few instances where you can just snag a table without first communicating with the wait staff.
- If you're in a tapas bar with just a few tables along one wall and the restaurant is packed. When one table opens up, it is every man for himself!
- If you are at a crowded patio bar with tables outside. If there is no wait list (which there almost never is) people tend to awkwardly linger near tables that look like they may be finishing up. As soon as the current occupants stand up, the hovering group will swoop in.
Waiting for a waiter to come by and assign you the table in these cases often means you'll lose it to a faster-moving group! If there are multiple tables available when you walk up to the patio area or the tapas bar, check with a waiter first before sitting down.
How do I call the waiter over?
Spanish bars and restaurants often have very few waiters. This means one person often attends to more than 10 tables at a time. Waiters will take your plates when you finish, but will never bring you the check unless you ask for it. Delivering an unsolicited bill to a table is extremely rude in Spain.
In Spanish culture, a good waiter leaves you alone until you specifically call him or her over to the table. Getting their attention, though, can often be a bit tricky. If you want to ask for the bill, it is common to catch a waiter's eye and make a motion as if you're writing in mid air.
For most other things, like ordering another drink or asking for another napkin, it's common to get a waiter's attention by waving (think half way between raising your hand and quickly reaching out to an invisible floating object). Many people also call the waiter over by saying perdón, which means "excuse me."
Should I tip and how much?
The myth that you don't have to tip in Spain is just that, a myth. While Spaniards tend to leave much smaller tips than I was used to in the U.S., it is still polite to leave a small tip in most cases. Waiters in Spain are paid low monthly salaries (generally between €900 and €1200 a month for full time work), and will always appreciate your gratuity.
That majority of the time, that means rounding up to the nearest euro. For example, if your bill is €15.60, leave €16. If you're having a more expensive meal, one in which the price per person is more than about €15, it's common to leave a euro or two as tip. For fancier restaurants or excellent service, up to 10% is no uncommon.
That being said, you don't have to leave a tip in every instance.
Cases when no tip is necessary (but of course is still appreciated):
- You only ordered a drink (whether it be a soda, beer, wine)
- At a cocktail bar or while drinking mixed drinks (no need to tip your bartender!)
- After eating a lunch menu del día, or menu of the day
- At breakfast or after ordering coffee
- If you feel the service was exceptionally bad
Can I order food outside of typical mealtimes?
Spaniards have lunch between 1:30 and 3:30 and eat dinner between 9:00 and midnight. Outside of these times it can be tricky to find hot food in restaurants, as most kitchens are closed outside of these hours.
Many bars and cafés still serve pre-prepared tapas during the down hours, though. These usually include tortilla de patatas (potato, egg and onion omelet), ensaladilla rusa (potato salad), boquerones en vinagre or anchoas (pickled white or brown anchovies) and of course olives and potato chips.
You'll typically see these items displayed in glass cases on the bar, but there often is not a menu to order them from. Instead try asking the bartender if you can order a ración of something you see in the display case. Many bars will also serve sandwiches (of cured ham, tortilla española, pork filets, etc...) while the kitchen is closed.
Can I really throw my trash on the floor?
Yes! In fact, you can often spot a good bar by how many crumpled napkins and olive pits litter the floor. It is very common to toss your small bar napkin, cheese rind, olive pit, chorizo casing and even snail shell on the floor of the bar.
This rule only applies to bars, though. You wouldn't want to throw anything on the floor if you are seated at a table. When in doubt, just look down-- if there's already trash there, join in!
Find out why we throw our trash on the floor in Spain on the Madrid Tapas, Taverns and History Tour!
What do you think is the trickiest part of Spanish restaurant etiquette?
I would never litter in a bar or anywhere though, even if some people already did. I think it's quite vulgar. (And I live here.)
Finally, Got really something interesting blog about Spanish restaurant. You explained in a really good way. I will surely follow these tricks when I'll visit a Spanish restaurant.
This is some really good information about fine dining in a Spanish restaurant. I liked that you explained that in Spain it is very common for people to throw napkins, cheese rind, and olive pits on the ground. That is a good thing to know if you want to understand the dining etiquette.
In the second paragraph under the picture of the bar that talks about throwing scraps on the floor, you said "it only apples to bars'. I believe you meant to say "it only applies to bars" An honest mistake no doubt, I just thought I would point it out to you
A few things:
About the bill: It is extremely rude because for us (I am from Madrid) It's like kick us out the local, like 'pay me and go out'. We like to do 'sobremesa' and order/ask coffee or drinks in this 'sobremesa' time, We aren't finished yet!
Out time for meal, you can order a cold dishes like ham (jamón), cheese, and other pork things (chorizo, lomo, embutidos en general). Ask to waiter what 'raciones' you can order.
finca alta cocina
Great post Laura, very informative and accurate.
By the way, is the second picture of an elegant table setting from La Candela in Cadiz?
Saludos desde Andalucia
Thank you (and to Amy the writer too!). That is La Candela, love it there! Recommended in my Cadiz Gastro Guide 🙂
These tips are so spot on! When I was studying in Seville last year it seemed like the bars/restaurants I went to you almost always had to use very expressive forms in order to get the camadero's attention! Thanks for sharing 🙂
Thank you for this very useful post! I must admit that even after one year, I sometimes have no clue how to act in a restaurant and getting the attention of a waiter is a real challenge!
Just wanted to say that I feel really represented as Spanish guy with all that written above. I think that's a very accurate description of how things work here. Best regards from Andalucia!
Thanks for the feedback Alejandro-- this stuff definitely can vary from region to region in Spain (or in a big city versus small town) but we find this information to be very accurate. I'm glad you think the same!